您的位置: 一诺留学  >  考试中心 >  SSAT考试 >  阅读


时间:2016-09-18  / 编辑:Randy


  譬如说,你一定知道美国的一些历史性战争, for example:

  Independent War(American Revolution)关键词: George Washington, colonial American, The Declaration ofIndependence

  Civil War: Abraham Lincoln, assassinate, Confederates,union  , slavery system,Emancipation Proclamation

  World War I

  World War II

  Cold War : Soviet union   VS United States Communism VS Capitalism, altruism

  Korea War,Vietnam War, Iraq War

  OK,如果你已经对美国战争史有一个基本了解,并且已经熟练掌握解题技巧,你狠快会发现,刚刚结束的1.10号考试中关于南北战争和林肯的文章,SO EASY!!!!

  一. Abraham Lincoln and Civil War

  Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated in March of 1861 as thesixteenth President of the United States.

  During 1861, southern states were trying to secedefrom the union   of the United States(有题问这是什么意思,应该选politicalseparation from…)and form their own country. Lincoln, though against theseparation, made clear in his inaugural address that he held no malice towardthe South: "There need be no blood-shed or violence, and there shall benone unless it be forced upon the national authority. The power confided to mewill be used to hold, occupy, and possess the property and places belonging tothe government, and to collect the duties and imposts(有题问imposts的意思,选taxes); but beyond what may be necessaryfor these objects, there will be no invasion, no using of force against oramong the people anywhere." On April 12th, 1861, the Confederates openedfire on Fort Sumter in Charleston, and the Civil War began. Two years later, onJanuary 1st, 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation(有题问下面那个词与它意思最接近,选liberty/liberation那个) Proclamation, a declaration that stated that "allslaves in States or parts of States then in rebellion" were free. On April9th, 1865, General Lee surrendered to General Grant at Appomattox, ending thewar.

  On April 14th, 1865 at Ford's Theatre in Washington,D.C., Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes-Booth. He died on April 15th fromthe wound. Though he never authored any books, Lincoln's Gettysburg Address,given on November 19th, 1863, is one of the best-known speeches of any decade."Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on thiscontinent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the propositionthat all men are created equal.


  1. During 1861, southern states were trying to secedefrom the union   of the United States and form their own country. Lincoln,though against the separation

  “and” 前后表并列关系,应选选项应与“form their owncountry”意思一致,并且后一句的“against the separation “ 更加确定了应选“political separation from”

  2. to collect the duties and imposts

  同样根据 “and” 前后表示并列关系, imposts 与 duties应该是同义,而collect duties应表示征税,“duty” 有责任,关税。答案为”taxes”

  3. Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, adeclaration that stated that "all slaves in States or parts of States thenin rebellion" were free.

  Emancipation Proclamation后面逗号后紧跟解释,关键词“free”, 因此选“liberty”


  如果答案是NO, 童鞋们,



  二. The American Civil War(1861-1865)

  often referred to simply as The Civil War in the UnitedStates, was a civil war fought in the United States of America. In response tothe election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States, 11 southernslave states declared their secession from the United States and formed theConfederate States of America ("the Confederacy"); the other 25states supported the federal government ("the union  "). After fouryears of warfare, mostly within the Southern states, the Confederacy surrenderedand slavery was outlawed everywhere in the nation. Issues that led to war werepartially resolved in the Reconstruction Era that followed, though othersremained unresolved.

  In the presidential election of 1860, the RepublicanParty, led by Abraham Lincoln, had campaigned against expanding slavery beyondthe states in which it already existed. The Republicans strongly advocatednationalism, and in their 1860 platform they denounced threats of disunion   asavowals of treason. After a Republican victory, but before the newadministration took office on March 4, 1861, seven cotton states declared theirsecession and joined to form the Confederate States of America. Both theoutgoing administration of President James Buchanan and the incomingadministration rejected the legality of secession, considering it rebellion.The other eight slave states rejected calls for secession at this point. Nocountry in the world recognized the Confederacy.

  Hostilities began on April 12, 1861, when Confederateforces attacked a U.S. military installation at Fort Sumter in South Carolina.Lincoln responded by calling for a volunteer army from each state to recapturefederal property, which led to declarations of secession by four more slavestates. Both sides raised armies as the union   seized control of the borderstates early in the war and established a naval blockade. Land warfare in theEast was inconclusive in 1861–62, as the Confederacy beat back union   efforts tocapture its capital, Richmond, Virginia, notably during the Peninsular Campaign.In September 1862, the Confederate campaign in Maryland ended in defeat at theBattle of Antietam, which dissuaded the British from intervening. Days afterthat battle, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which made endingslavery a war goal.

  In 1863, Confederate general Robert E. Lee's northwardadvance ended in defeat at the Battle of Gettysburg. To the west, the union  gained control of the Mississippi River after the Battle of Shiloh and Siege ofVicksburg, splitting the Confederacy in two and destroying much of theirwestern army. Due to his western successes, Ulysses S. Grant was given commandof the eastern army in 1864, and organized the armies of William TecumsehSherman, Philip Sheridan and others to attack the Confederacy from alldirections, increasing the North's advantage in manpower. Grant restructuredthe union   army, and put other generals in command of divisions of the army thatwere to support his push into Virginia. He fought several battles of attritionagainst Lee through the Overland Campaign to seize Richmond, though in the faceof fierce resistance he altered his plans and led the Siege of Petersburg whichnearly finished off the rest of Lee's army. Meanwhile, Sherman captured Atlantaand marched to the sea, destroying Confederate infrastructure along the way.When the Confederate attempt to defend Petersburg failed, the Confederate armyretreated but was pursued and defeated, which resulted in Lee's surrender toGrant at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865.

  The American Civil War was one of the earliest trueindustrial wars. Railroads, the telegraph, steamships, and mass-producedweapons were employed extensively. The practices of total war, developed bySherman in Georgia, and of trench warfare around Petersburg foreshadowed WorldWar I in Europe. It remains the deadliest war in American history, resulting inthe deaths of 620,000 soldiers and an undetermined number of civiliancasualties. Historian John Huddleston estimates the death toll at ten percentof all Northern males 20–45 years old, and 30 percent of all Southern whitemales aged 18–40.Victory for the North meant the end of the Confederacy and ofslavery in the United States, and strengthened the role of the federalgovernment. The social, political, economic and racial issues of the wardecisively shaped the reconstruction era that lasted to 1877.

  美国南北战争(1861-1865),通常被称为在美国南北战争,是一场内战,战斗在美利坚合众国。在亚伯拉罕·林肯作为美国总统的选举中,来自美国的11个南部蓄奴州宣布他们的分裂,并形成了美国南部邦联(“邦联”),其他25个州的支持联邦政府(“ “联盟”)。经过4年的战争,大多是在南方各州,联邦投降,并在全国各地奴隶制被取缔。导致战争的问题,部分解决重建中的时代之后,虽然仍然没有得到解决。






  三. Gettysburg Address

  Delivered on the 19th Day of November, 1863 CemeteryHill, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

  Fourscore and seven years ago, our fathers brought forthupon this continent a new Nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to theproposition that all men are created equal. Now, we are engaged in a greatCivil War, testing whether that Nation, or any nation so conceived and sodedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. Wehave come to dedicate a portion of that field as a final resting-place forthose who gave their lives that Nation might live. It is altogether fitting andproper that we should do this.

  But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate, we cannotconsecrate, we cannot hallow this ground. The brave men, living and dead, whostruggled here, have consecrated it far above our power to add or detract. Theworld will little note nor long remember what we say here, but it can neverforget what they did here. It is for us, the living, rather to be dedicated tothe great task remaining before us; that from these honored dead, we takeincreased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure ofdevotion; that this Nation, under GOD, shall have a new birth of freedom; andthat government of the People by the People and for the People shall not perishfrom the earth."

  Abraham Lincoln




  当然美国历史远不止美国战争史,anti-slavery 必须重视,美国女权运动也不容忽视。

  而谈到女性,你肯定很熟悉“碧池”,对,就是我们常常听到的B*, 这个词早在15世纪就被用来贬低女性, 直到上世纪二十年代,“碧池” 才成为骂街吵架的热门词汇,甚至一度达到井喷式的传播速度。1915年到1930年这十五年间,“碧池” 在报纸上的使用率足足增加了一倍。究其原因,还是因为英国妇女的普选权得到了保障。没错,就是那个叫苏珊·B·安东尼(Susan B. Anthony)的 “碧池” 为妇女征得了选举的权利,男人们因此而垂头丧气;不久,“碧池” 就成了所有恼人女性的代名词。

  SO, 如果下次考到美国女权运动,千万不要说你不认识女权运动第一人 Susan B.Anthony 额!





  微信订阅号:留学圈 (微信帐号:yinuoliuxue )


只需3秒钟获知你的名校录取率    私人定制精准匹配    留学宝典免费送

*姓名: *电话: 性别:  男  女







硕博 | 本科 | MBA| 高中
英国| 加拿大| 香港

新加坡| 美国| 新西兰

托福| 雅思| GRE|
美国| 英国| 加拿大



版权所有@2012-2016    一诺留学网    京ICP备12034294号-1

联系电话:400-003-6508  010-62680991     传真:010-82483329     邮箱:service.bj@yinuoedu.net